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The Meaning of International Logistics

Release time:2023-08-09 16:40:17      Number of clicks:150

International Logistics: refers to the physical flow of goods from the supply location of one country (region) to the receiving location of another country (region).

The broad scope of international logistics research includes international trade logistics, non-trade logistics, international logistics investment, international logistics cooperation, international logistics exchanges, and other fields. Among them, international trade logistics mainly refers to the reasonable flow of goods between designated organizations internationally; Non trade logistics refer to international exhibition and exhibit logistics, international postal logistics, etc; International logistics cooperation refers to the international logistics in which enterprises from different countries complete major international economic and technological projects; International logistics investment refers to the joint investment and construction of international logistics enterprises by logistics enterprises from different countries; International logistics exchanges mainly refer to international exchanges in logistics science, technology, education, training, and management.

Narrowly defined international logistics (IL) mainly refers to an international commodity or exchange activity that involves the logistics movement of goods (commodities) when production and consumption are carried out independently in two or more countries (or regions), in order to overcome the spatial and temporal distance between production and consumption, in order to achieve the ultimate goal of international commodity transactions, that is, to achieve the seller's delivery of documents The trade terms for goods and payment, while the buyer accepts documents, pays for goods, and receives goods.

The essence of international logistics is to utilize international logistics networks, facilities, and technologies based on the principles of international division of labor, in accordance with international practices, to achieve the flow and exchange of goods internationally, in order to promote regional economic development and optimize the allocation of world resources. The overall goal of international logistics is to serve international trade and cross-border operations, that is, to choose the best way and path, to transport goods from a supplier in one country to a demander in another country with quality, quantity, and timeliness at the lowest cost and risk.

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